current position:Home>Behind the largest bankruptcy case in the history of cryptocurrency: FTX is "deadly ill", and the "hole" of tens of billions of dollars is hopeless to be filled

Behind the largest bankruptcy case in the history of cryptocurrency: FTX is "deadly ill", and the "hole" of tens of billions of dollars is hopeless to be filled

2022-11-24 10:21:44Sina Finance-Blockchain

  21世纪经济报道记者 吴斌 上海报道

  From more than300Million dollar valuation to“灰飞烟灭”,Sam Bankman-FriedCreate encrypted monetary empireFTXGroup collapsed.

  当地时间11月22日,加密货币交易所FTXWelcome to submit application for bankruptcy in the United States after the first court hearing,To settle the encryption monetary history the biggest bankruptcy in key step.

  For millions of creditors,最大的噩耗在于,他们几乎不可能追回绝大部分损失,FTX的大量资产不是被偷就是失踪.

  From the United States Sullivan·Cromwell law firm(Sullivan & Cromwell LLP)的FTXBankruptcy lawyersJames BromleyTell the judge,It's a pity that the debtorFTXThe operation situation is not very good,This already is an understatement,Sam Bankman-FriedThe encryption of monetary empire collapsed very quickly,令人“极其震惊”.

  Bromley用“史无前例”To describe the bankruptcy cases.“FTXThe large amount of assets or stolen,要么丢失.此外,大量资金似乎已从其他组别转移到Alameda组别.”

  According to the federal bankruptcy court file,FTX集团在破产申请中披露的负债高达100亿至500亿美元,而新管理层只找到了小部分资产,包括存放在离线冷钱包中的约7.4亿美元加密货币,以及约5.6亿美元现金.

  从种种迹象来看,FTXThere is no hope bridge caused billions of dollars in,Encryption monetary history the biggest bankruptcy will where to go?Regulation under the future power encryption monetary industry heading again?

  “病入膏肓”的FTX

  今年1月,FTX宣布完成4亿美元的C轮融资,Valuation by the last round of250亿美元上升至320亿美元,这是FTXAnnounced the final round of funding,As well as the valuation peak,Participation of institutional investors, including temasek、软银愿景基金、加拿大安大略省教师养老基金、Steadview Capital、Lightspeed Venture Partners、老虎环球基金、Insight Partner等.

  FTXHow luxury lineup of investors at the beginning,Today's bankruptcy is how the world shocked.11月2日,加密货币行业资讯网站CoinDesk曝光了FTX关联“姐妹”交易公司Alameda Research的资产负债表,光鲜亮丽的FTX背后的“阴暗面”Thus be solved step by step.

  9天之后,11月11日FTX宣布,According to the laws related to start voluntary bankruptcy procedure.FTX递交了一份清单,匿名列出前50位的债权人,他们都是FTX交易所的客户,合计对FTX持有债权31亿美元,FTX对最大单一债权人的债务超过2.26亿美元,对十大债权人中每一家的债务都超过1亿美元.更糟糕的是,根据FTX此前提交给破产法院的多个法庭文件,FTX的债务可能涉及100多万名债权人.

  目前,The court allowedFTXMain creditors will temporarily confidential.不过,法院将在12月16To evaluate whether to50大债权人的信息继续保密.明年1月,破产法院将举行更全面的第二场FTX听证会.

  随着FTX创始人、原首席执行官 Sam Bankman-Fried辞职,Who oversee enron bankruptcy liquidation ofJohn Ray III接管了“烂摊子”,The latter has appointed including former federal judgeJoseph J. FarnanThe five new independent director.

  Even seen the world's new enron scandal bigCEO John Ray IIIAlso sends out a long sigh:“在我的职业生涯中,Have never seen such a complete failure of enterprise internal control,And without the credibility of financial information.Control of the company is in a small group of inexperienced、The immature hands,这种情况是前所未有的.”

  In case the first hearing,Bromley也介绍,FTXIs one of the biggest bankruptcy case encryption monetary field,As an international or American digital currency exchange.FTXBehind the collapse is the leadership crisis,FTXControlled by a handful of people,几乎由Sam Bankman-Fried一人领导.

  RayDenounced theFTXCorporate governance is very bad:Company has no its exact information bank account、Also does not have the full staff list、使用一系列“Not secure E-mail accounts”Management of the electronic key assets、Use the company's assets for personal assets, such as employees and consultants to buy real estate.更荒诞的是,Sam Bankman-FriedIn the process of discussion decision using a“自动删除”Function of communication platform,And encourage the staff to do the same,So now can't find the historical decisions.

  对于未来,“Asset protection and recovery is one of the primary goals of this case.”Bromley表示,Value maximization is the key to this process,Whether this means may sell or restructuring,FTXIs likely to require a bankruptcy judgeJohn DorseyApproval for its fast to sell some assets.

  Regulation of the punch is on its way

  在FTXAfter bankruptcy events,The United States and other places of regulators will increase for the regulation of the industry.

  At present the U.S. justice department、The southern district of New York's network crime unit has started withFTX相关的刑事调查.Brainard, vice President of the federal reserve also said,Fear to seeFTXBankruptcy storm will hurt retail,Must ensure that the encrypted digital currency market is the right regulatory fence.CFTCChairman, said,FTXThe crisis so far influence scope is still confined to investors and traders,But the encryption money market crisis was enough to push congress to take action.

  当地时间11月16日,The U.S. house of representatives financial services committee announced,将于12月举行听证会,Survey declared bankruptcy in the near future large encryption currency trading platformFTX交易集团,预计FTXFounder and former chief executive ofSam Bankman-FriedWill attend the hearing.The house financial services committee stressed,Supervision enterprise behavior is one of the key functions of national,The house will be thoroughly investigatedFTX破产的原因,And shall be investigated for the responsibility of the bad actors.

  需要注意的是,尽管Sam Bankman-FriedThe encryption of monetary empireFTXThis month began to fall apart,But in fact it is a long time ago targeted by federal prosecutors in Manhattan,Damian WilliamsLed by federal prosecutor's office for the southern district of New York for months in the comprehensive check offshore branch of the United States and encryption currency platform,And began to look atFTXThe massive trading business.It is unclear whether the federal prosecutors inFTXBefore the collapse of any investigation conclusion.

  中国(上海)自贸区研究院金融研究室主任刘斌对21世纪经济报道记者表示,In the case of encryption market collapse,Encryption currency exchange collapsed will not strange,而且是必然发生的,This from the encryption for the last ten years the development of the market can be seen.The current overseas regulators in encrypt the role of market is not big,The encryption in the future market investor protection、资金安全、Need to strengthen supervision in such aspects as hosting.

  After the large earthquake where to go?

  从种种迹象来看,FTXCollapse caused by impact will continue,Investors for the encryption of monetary industry worries.

  在FTXAfter the scandal has exposed,Has always been loathe COINS and other currencies of the encryption Berkshire vice chairman Charlie·Munger criticism,See the prominent people in the United States to help encryption currency this stuff there,This is a painful thing.“Encryption currency is a very、Very bad things,The country doesn't need the kidnappers favorable currency.When the chain blocks in such a good idea to use too much,Becomes the encryption currency such a bad idea.”

  美国最大加密货币交易平台Coinbase Global首席财务官阿莱西娅·哈斯(Alesia Haas)But warned,FTX宣告破产并非事件的结局,其将对加密货币行业造成全面影响,只是这一影响目前尚未显现.

  在FTXBankruptcy under the shock wave drag,Even the relatively healthyCoinbaseShare price continues to fall.从大环境看,As the fed raising interest rates and the market economic worries,Investors dumped risky assets,Since this year encryption monetary industry already“冰封”,CoinbaseHave recently experienced a second round of job cuts this year,This year's share price has tumbled more than80%.

  Citigroup analyst Joseph·Ayub(Joseph Ayoub)预计,随着FTX申请破产,The whole encryption money market risk will be further spread.“Inside the encryption money market,Is not clear that will develop to the extent and depth……The spread of the crisis could last for a long time.”

  FTXThe rapidly disappearing for encryption monetary industry not only,Also brought shock wave to Wall Street.包括Paradigm、Blackrock and tiger global well-known companies have ever supportFTX.例如,Sequoia capital writedowns on the exchange all over2亿美元投资,And apologize to investors.

  不过AyoubAlso reminded investors don't need to panic:“I think this risk is unlikely to spread to the broader financial market,This is mainly because encryption money market size8300亿美元左右,Compared with stock size for43万亿美元.”

  Storm after encryption monetary industry will go?刘斌认为,从长期看,The market will gradually find that,Although encryption market will continue to develop,But is unlikely to become a mainstream,Is unlikely to replace traditional financial market,Can only be a supplement of traditional financial market.

  Officially digital currency is more likely to become the mainstream of the future trend of.中国银行Researcher at Lv Haomin for21世纪经济报道记者分析称,Central bank digital currency may be the future direction.2022年9月,The White House released the first encryption monetary comprehensive regulatory framework,Outlines the encryption protection money consumers、投资者、企业、金融稳定、National security and environmental advice,At the same time, the White House also stressed,Support the fed's preferred to promote digital $,Promote innovation and development.

  从全球来看,近年来,Pilot's central Banks have to strengthen the research and development of digital currency and,已有105Countries and regions are exploring research central bank digital currency,其中约50Countries and regions have entered into the development、试点、Issue such as advanced stage.

责任编辑:李墨轩

copyright notice
author[Sina Finance-Blockchain],Please bring the original link to reprint, thank you.
https://en.netfreeman.com/2022/328/202211241012110703.html

Random recommended