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Beginner's Guide: How to Run Your Own Ethereum Validator Node

2022-09-22 15:54:50Blockchain technology researcher

If you are etheric fang supporters,One of the most important thing you can do it now,That is to run the etheric fang validation.

This article will show you how to conduct their own etheric fang interest(PoS)Verifier system to ensure the safety work of the etheric fang andETH.

  • 目标:运行以太坊PoS验证者节点

  • 技能要求:High skills

  • Efforts devoted to:2Hours of study to prepare

  • 投资回报率:通过DIYThe verifier for annual4.79%的ETH奖励

How in the etheric fangDIY质押

We hope to see you become the etheric fang verifier

“Centralized services provided by supplier networks may reduce the overall degree of decentralization,And lead to your account with the passage of time and value.I strongly encourage each of the participants to the way they can do the most decentralized to pledge,Even if it means to do this,Want to learn a new skill.”—— Superphiz, 2022年4月

上周,以太坊完成了从工作量证明(PoW)到PoSOf pledge of rights and interests that shift.

This means that the etheric fang has been the consensus of the process software and transferred to theETH持有者手中.现在,The etheric fang network without having to run large physical mining operation to winPoW区块,Only the people within the etheric fang pledgeETH,And the collateral as a security to support、Don't cheat network,To ensure the operation.

After the shift,The etheric fang brighter prospects is,Through the pledge to attract more people to join this consensus process,The etheric lane can be further decentralization,因为在PoWMechanism to run large physical mining operation in fact only for those who can obtain a large number of physical resources and master relevant skills of feasible.

因此,This article will show you the etheric fang as a common owners how to participate inETH质押,Let's start with plug and play node solution.

但首先,Or to simple know about the importance of diversity of the client!

Why it is important to the client's diversity?

The client software decision node to run.

When most of the nodes in the same client,Once the attack will make block chain network instability.简而言之,This explains why it is important to run a diversified client.

合并后,以太坊验证者必须同时运行两种客户端:处理以太坊虚拟机(EVM)The execution of the client and aPoS共识的共识客户端.

从上图中可以看到,The etheric fang verifier has a variety of execution and understanding the client can choose,It is important not to dominance,Don't let the noise of which a single client or client portfolio become too popular,正如clientdiversity.org所解释的那样:

“Many people know the client diversity is very important for a more flexible network,But they don't know why,Also do not know this how important.The client diversity is not only important,而且至关重要.如果有2/3(66%)The verifier USES a client,There is a very real risk of,May result in the interrupt and node of chain operators money loss.

需要2/3的验证者才能达到最终确定性.如果一个拥有66%Above the market share of the client therebug,And split it into their own chain,It will be able to complete the final certainty.一旦分叉完成,Verifier cannot without the forfeiture of return to the real chain.如果66%The chain at the same time be confiscated,Punishment is all32 ETH.

那么为什么> 50%Market share is still dangerous?In the event of a few client y,超过50%Most of the client can get66%+Most of the share.Without the client's market share of more than33%,These situations can be avoided.这就是为什么< 33%的市场份额是所有客户的目标.

Execute the client are not immune.The risk applies to consensus on the client and execute the client.”

结论:

In setting up the etheric fang verifier node,强烈建议使用Teku和BesuSuch as a few client,以使以太坊尽可能具有弹性,Because to do so would maximize the etheric fang decentralization degree.

现在,Let us study what verifier options under friendly to pledge that occupy the home is the most.

1、即插即用硬件

2020年11月,Bankless发布了一篇名为“运行ETHThe verifier lazy guide”的文章.

你猜怎么着?The advice in this article in today's opinion is correct:Dappnode和AVADOIs still a plug and playETHVerify the solution of.

Let's do a quick review here!

Dappnode

* 难度:初学者

* 成本:???

Dappnode提供硬件+软件工具,Make the ordinary people can easily run your own block chain node.因此,DappnodeEquipment has been running the etheric fang verifier node is very popular grass-roots solutions.

DappnodeEquipment's greatness lies in,They make a non-technical users can very easily useETH.插入硬件,Then system will be very simply guide you to complete all the steps required to start your own validator.

  • 你需要:32个ETH用于质押 + A library for safe storage of generated key your verifier private key

  • Local support client:Teku、Lighthouse、Prysm(即将支持Lodestar和Nimbus)

  • 价格:Dappnode Home i716Since the basic price is1,562.90欧元

AVADO

* 难度:初学者

* 成本:???

AVADO在2018年成为DappnodeAfter the forking a,With their power forward,And fully committed to simplify the etheric fangPoS和其他区块链“Running your own node”的流程.

插入AVADO设备,According to the startup prompt action,只需几次点击,You can easily pledge at homeETH!

 

  • 你需要:32个ETHCDS used for hypothecation storage
  • Local support client:Teku、Prysm

  • 价格:AVADO i7Since the basic price is1,600美元

2、使用DIY硬件进行Solo单独质押

* 难度:中/高级

* 成本:?

Are you interested in validation in the etheric fang,But prefer to the reuse of existing hardware,Such as the recent replacement of computer,而不是使用即插即用节点?

This road is definitely more challenging.But you are lucky,Because there are a large number of resources that can help you directly“The pledge at your home”的操作过程!

在开始之前,First to know about the basic requirement.

根据Superphiz 2022年4月在RedditPosted a post,DIYPersonal pledge is needed:

  • Average more than technical skills

  • 至少32个ETH

  • 能够7*24Hours run hardware

  • 至少10Mbps的互联网连接

也就是说,除了满足这些基本要求之外,Do you still have the freedom to customize your pledge alone Settings.

Whether you want to use100美元的Raspberry Pi 4还是1000美元的Intel NUC,The choice will depend on you.

Want to get some inspiration,Can see we see in the etheric lane community recently some greatDIYSeparate the pledge Settings:

If you want to start more serious exploration aboutDIYThe choice of pledge alone,There are some community resources should take a look at.

这些资源包括:

  • Ethereum Launchpad —— 一站式信息中心,Has become the etheric lane all the information needed to be checked and resources.

  • EthStaker —— A community and resources for all the etheric fang pledge assembly.

  • CoinCashewThe etheric fang verifier guide—— 一个类似wikiThe information center of,Covers how to start、Maintenance and how to simplify the etheric fang pledge operation.

  • Somer EsatThe etheric fang verifier guide—— Series of explain how to set up different etheric fang pledge client portfolio introductory tutorial.

3、Rocket Pool minipoolMini pool operators

* 难度:初学者

* 成本:??

Rocket Pool是一个去中心化的以太坊质押协议.

值得注意的是,Through the lowest0.01 ETHThe pledge amount requirement,Rocket PoolCan let anyone through trade any number ofETHFor any number ofrETH质押.rETH是项目的代币化质押衍生品,Provide passive income through rewards to pledge.

该协议将上述rETH质押过程中存入的ETHBundled together for group16个ETH.

这些是Rocket Pool节点运营者,They run the so-calledminipool(迷你池).

 

Rocket pool解释说:“迷你池处理你的16个ETH,从rETHThe pledge pool for16个ETH,并将它们合并在一起,这样它就可以将32个ETHSent to the beacon chain deposit contract,To create a new verifier node.”

如此,这个迷你池系统具有很大的优势.它可以让你用低至17.6 ETH (16 ETH + 价值1.6 ETH的Rocket Pool的$RPLTokens for security)进行质押,并让你在ETHThe verifier rewards gained outside$RPL奖励,提高收益.

Mini pool system is also very strong,因为它与rETHThe combination of pledge pool process makes low anyone can use to0.01 ETH进行质押,To improve the degree of decentralization of the etheric fang.

此外,If you have the means to separate bets at home,So you have everything we need for operating a mini pool.

正如Superphiz所指出的那样:“Rocket PoolMini pool operators do with single people who pledge did exactly the same.But they can with lessETHAnd the possible higher returns to do this.”

Running your own etheric fang verifier nodes are you in the etheric lane community can do one of the most influential things.

It helps to protect the etheric lane network itself,Ensure continuity block chain for global users operate.此外,If you are in the process, use a few clients,Can also make the etheric fang more flexible.

For your service and effort,按照目前的情况,You can harvest about5%年利率的ETH质押奖励.

Our goal is have faith feeling“反叛者”,We have a chain benefits!

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