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5 Best Programming Languages ​​for Blockchain or Smart Contract Development

2022-08-05 00:32:46InfoQ

Block chain industry has reached a relatively mature stage,It is composed of several competitive ecosystem,These ecosystems dominated the market and determine the future the terms of the project.

目前,Have a huge EVM 区块链生态系统,包括以太坊、币安智能链、Polygon、Avalanche 等.There are two big projects based on interoperability connect different ecosystem:Polkadot 与基于 Substrate 的项目和Cosmos 与 Cosmos SDK 兼容的项目.此外,Can also find some young、快节奏的生态系统(Solana 或 Secret Network)、自给自足的 DFINITY And quite old but still worth it Telos 和 EOS 生态系统,Not to mention the currency bifurcation and counterfeit chain family.

According to the situation of your team for the project selection of suitable ecosystem,The blocks chain and it will be the problem of different programming languages used in the framework of,The main difficulty is to choose the most suitable for the.

This article will share in the development of real timeless products should be considered when the top block chain code language,Describes the advantages and disadvantages of these languages,And they created history.Hope this will help to make up your mind and find an experienced team to help build a excellent project.This article will mainly share for modern intelligent contracts and dApps 开发的顶级区块链编程语言.明智地选择,Don't forget to employ experienced developers for the team,To make full use of the language of choice!

Rust:Block chain development the best programming language


Rust 是一种相对年轻的编程语言,Already in the block chain industry proved its efficiency.不久前,它被 Parity 带到了聚光灯下,Parity 已经开发了一个相关的以太坊客户端.

Parity 的创始人之一,Gavin Wood,In his about interoperable block chain Polkadot 及其框架 Substrate 的演讲中,很快为 Rust 的大规模采用做出了巨大贡献.此后,Other big block chain market players began to appreciate Rust 语言及其优势.正因为这一点,You can now use like Solana、NEAR、Secret Network And other work on the edge of the technology of young block chain to the high-speed network.
什么是 Rust
Rust 是一种多范式编程语言,Designed to improve performance and security and create.It provides excellent documentation、A large number of tools and friendly with a useful error message compiler.

Rust 可能是智能合约开发最有效的编程语言,Because it can contribute to the project team, and hope for the agreement of open source developers to provide efficient collaboration work.Rust Language allows programmers in the absence of any trouble or micro management control of low-level details,Provides technical ability and coding experience the perfect balance of.

最重要的是,Rust Through real-time compiler implementation class of speed and stability,The compiler by adding the and function reconstruction check code.因此,The language conform to the requirements of the block chain development of all major etc.
Rust 优势
  • The development of clear path;
  • 零成本抽象;
  • 速度;
  • 内存效率;
  • 可靠性;
  • 由于使用了 WASM Self upgrade function;
  • Based on the concurrent mechanism;
  • 管理可变状态
Rust Chain block instance
  • Solana
     — A high-performance block chain,Can provide the fastest growing encryption ecosystem.It provides a low cost deal(Developers, and users can't 0.01 美元)And great speed(400 毫秒的出块时间).
  • Substrate
     — 一个区块链框架,Allow developers to quickly and easily for any cases to build custom block chain.
  • NEAR
     ——一个完整的生态系统,Including a shard、权益证明、第一层区块链、A foundation,And one by the developer、Enterprise and creative personnel of vast community member network.
  • Parity.io
     — A kind of decentralized network block chain infrastructure,Agreement large seamless operation and are allowed to enter the 
    Web3.0
     世界.
  • Polkadot
     — 一个去中心化的 
    Web3.0
     区块链网络,Can realize interoperability and scalability across the chain.

If you want to use in block chain industry fast network and the new concept,Or if you want to Solana 或 NEAR 进行开发,请选择 Rust.

Go


Go Already in the chain of blocks in the world famous,和 Rust The story of the similar,All started with the etheric fang.准确地说,它始于 Geth,一个以太坊 Go 客户端,Now is the most widely all etheric lane clients solution.

区块链社区采用 Go The next stage of with the introduction of Cosmos 互操作链及其 Cosmos SDK(For fast block chain development framework)相关.然后,Go 的普及是由于 Tendermint,这是一种由许多区块链客户端集成的 BFT 共识.最终,目前,Go Is a very common programming languages,以多种方式使用.
什么是Go
Go(通常称为 Golang)是一种开源编程语言,它以 Google 的 C 语言为模型,目前用于多种用途.

Golang 是当今最好的区块链编程语言之一,因为它具有简单易读的语法和快速的编译时间.它是一种支持同时编程的单一语言,This is very useful for many teams.此外,与其他编码语言,Compared to traditional language especially,从长远来看,It is relatively easy to maintain and efficient.
优势
  • 非常容易学习;
  • 可读性和可用性;
  • 高速性能;
  • 易于长期维护;
  • 高效的;
  • 适用于高性能程序和分布式生态系统.
实例
  • Go-Ethereum
     — 以太坊协议的三个原始实现之一(以及 C++ 和 Python).目前,它既可以作为名为 Geth 的独立客户端使用,也可以作为可以嵌入到 Go、Android 或 iOS 项目中的库使用.
  • Cosmos
    ——一个不断扩展的互连应用程序和服务生态系统,与 IBC(区块链间通信协议)连接.
  • Hyperledger Fabric
     — 由 Linux 基金会托管的开源区块链框架.它是模块化和多功能的,允许创建各种 dApp 和区块链解决方案.

If you are looking for a can in EVM Chain and the new alternative in the chain easy to learn and use the programming language,请选择 Go.

C++


C++
 是一种标志性的编程语言,Because of this cookie I use it to create the currency chain.这意味着整个 altchain 家族,包括 Litecoin、PIVX、Qtum、Dogecoin 等等,都是用 
C++
 构建的.

此外,
C++
 语言用于开发 EOS 和 Telos 区块链及其智能合约框架.
什么是 C++?
C++
 是最古老的通用编程语言之一,也被许多世界著名的项目用作区块链编码语言.

尽管 
C++
 于 1985 年首次使用,但它仍然是区块链开发人员和 DeFi 产品的热门选择.The main reason is that it provides for any block chain is essential to the delicate CPU 和内存控制,以及高效率、代码隔离和编译时多态性.
C++ 优势
  • 高效的 CPU 管理和内存控制;
  • 易于运行并行/非并行线程;
  • Mobile semantics to replicate data options;
  • 用于增强性能的编译时多态性;
  • 不同数据结构的代码隔离等等.
实例
比特币
:The world's first chain block and the first encryption money.As a kind of electronic peer-to-peer money,The currency has gone beyond 6 万美元的门槛,Is expected to rise again.
莱特币
:从比特币分叉出来的第二古老的加密货币,And become one of the earliest known counterfeit COINS.
Ripple
:One of the leading block chain solution provider,创建了实时总结算系统、Currency exchange and remittance network,And other development.
Stellar
:一个用于货币和支付的开源网络,Provide purses and decentralized exchange,Achieve rapid encryption、外汇和证券交易.
EOS
:An open source block chain agreement,允许程序员开发、托管和运行 dApp.EOS Designed to handle millions of transactions per second,并提供一流的可扩展性和灵活性.

If you need a lot of chain block developers know that old、Reliable programming language,请选择 
C++
,It can be used to construct the block chain and intelligent contract.

Solidity:Intelligent contract to develop the best programming language


受 C++、Python 和 JavaScript 的影响,Solidity 继承了这些语言的所有优点,Be smart contract to develop the most commonly used programming languages.

Developers to choose from all over the world Solidity 是因为它的可访问性、精确性和极高的灵活性,In block chain industry attaches great importance to.从 Uniswap 到 Chainlink,整个 DeFi 领域都是在 Solidity 的帮助下构建的.Most projects have chosen it to develop intelligent contract,It's no wonder that it is simple、定义明确、易于学习和使用.
什么是Solidity?
Solidity 是一种面向对象的高级编程语言,专为在以太坊虚拟机 (EVM) 上运行智能合约而创建.这使得 Solidity 非常适合在区块链上开发智能合约和 dApp.

Solidity 与 JavaScript 非常相似,This means that it is very easy to learn for most developers.更重要的是,It is one of the fastest growing programming language,因此可以肯定地说,在未来,It will be more developer friendly and easy to learn.
Solidity 的优势
  • 对开发人员友好;
  • 对 JavaScript 基础设施、Debuggers and other tools of accessibility;
  • Static type programming;
  • 智能合约中继承属性的可能性;
  • The accuracy of the precise.
实例
以太坊
:所有在以太坊上运行的智能合约都是用 Solidity 制作的.该语言是专门为在 EVM 上开发和运行程序而创建的.
Chainlink
:Solidity用于在 Chainlink 上创建智能合约,Chainlink 是一个去中心化的预言机网络,可以在区块链内外进行计算.
Uniswap
:一个由协议、加密货币交易所、不断增长的 DeFi 应用程序网络以及许多其他基础设施组成的生态系统,这些都由社区管理.Uniswap 也是在 Solidity 的帮助下构建的.
Compound
:以太坊区块链上建立货币市场的协议.它是一种算法、Independent of the rate agreement,Aims to create a variety of dApp.Composite intelligent contracts is the use of Solidity 创建的.

选择 Solidity 来开发智能合约,Because it is the perfect language used for this purpose.

Motoko


Motoko 是 DFINITY Ecological system used in intelligent contract to develop a great option for a programming language.

如果你还没有听说过 DFINITY,It is a non-profit organization development of the Internet computer,It is an Internet based computer agreement(ICP)的公共区块链网络平台.This is a fairly isolated chain,它是从无法关闭的世界计算机的概念中创建的,并且仅在 2021 年推出.

目前,DFINITY 拥有自己独立的 DeFi 生态系统,The way it works is similar to our habits of modern DeFi.唯一的区别是它是用 Motoko 编写的,与常规的 EVM There is no link chain.

由于 DFINITY The isolation of,Motoko Language is still needs,可以与 EVM 链和 Solidity 竞争.
什么是Motoko?
Motoko 是一种相对较新的编程语言,由 DFINITY 基金会创建,用于直接在 Internet Developed on the computer intelligent contract.该语言在创建时考虑到了区块链技术,Therefore aimed at ensuring safety and general,同时为方便和快速的 dApp 开发提供所有必要的工具,And support unique features of the Internet computer.

Motoko 为 Internet Computer container(智能合约)、顺序样式、Simple modern style and a variety of functions to provide native support,To help you use orthogonal persistence.All of these features make it the Internet computer ecological system of a language that is simple and safe.
Motoko优势
  • 自动内存管理;
  • Productivity and security features;
  • 内置对正交持久性的支持;
  • 固定精度算术.
实例
互联网计算机
:A kind of modern public block chain,允许部署安全、Independent and tamper-proof container(智能合约)And run them with network speed.

If you want to project to become DFINITY 生态系统的一部分,请选择 Motoko.Use this language to develop intelligent contract.

总结

There are a lot of it is worth noting that the ecosystem has a lot of programming language for the development of block chain solution,但最终,需要选择一种.This is not the most easy to make a choice,So to complete the whole process,Should first focus on select ecosystem.然而,The choice of the ecosystem also imposed a coding language,And a certain degree of professional knowledge.

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