current position:Home>The DAO: Web3 necessary components

The DAO: Web3 necessary components

2022-08-03 22:08:16Golden finance

其实Web3概念早在2017Fire up when I was in,But until now no very accurate definition about it.Sum up out because it covers so much confused,甚至可以这样认为,To promote the development of the Internet component can callWeb3.基于此,我们有必要对于Web3的重要组件进行拆分,更全面地洞悉它的内在组成,So this we will focus on the presentWeb3的热门组件——DAO.

相较于传统互联网领域,Web3Users expect more deeper engagement in psychological and empathy,Not just for financial returns,这就催生了DAO的出现.

在不同的阶段,DAO具有不同的表现形式.在早期,可以用“It is all over the sky star,Is a fire”来理解,这样的例子可以用分布于全球各个角落的志愿者来诠释,他们大多为了一种目的,由信仰或精神去主导很多行为的自主发生,The operation mode of democracy consciousness bottoms form,但还需要一定的人或机构参与其中.并不能形成完全的去中心化.

但随着Web3原生领域的扩展,DAO也展现出解决组织架构问题的潜能,Many traditional operation mode is becoming a completely decentralized autonomous organization change.

什么是DAO?

DAO是去中心化自治组织(Decentralized Autonomous Organization)的简称,即组织是一群具有共同目标或想法的人和实体.DAOIt should be decentralized,因此没有CEO或执行董事会负责决策;而自治也意味着需要将合理的治理规则写入区块链的智能合约中,DAO成员根据这些规则对DAO产生影响的事项进行投票.

结合V神对于DAOThree dimensions definition to a better understanding of:自治为主、人治为辅、With internal assets.DAO是一个独特的、自我管理的组织,完全由区块链智能合约运行,智能合约是DAO的核心,合约界定了组织的规则、Management group Treasury,有自己的章程和程序规则,用自动执行的代码代替日常运营管理.

DAO的优势所在

DAO 的主要优势在于,与传统公司不同,区块链技术为DAO提供了完全的透明度.Through the chain contract,任何人都可以看到和分析DAO的所有行动和资金,这种透明度通过防止重要信息被审查,Significantly reduce the corruption、非法活动或欺诈的风险.

与NFT一样,DAO也可以使用智能合约,只要满足某些预定条件,就可以触发动作.例如,在DAO 的情况下,智能合约可以确保获得一定数量的赞成票的提案会自动生效.而且,与自上而下运作的传统组织不同,DAO以扁平的等级结构运作,允许所有成员在影响更广泛群体的关键决策中拥有发言权——Rather like traditional organization,Say simply in the hands of senior.So for the present stage,DAOFor the average user to be more attractive than traditional organization,And many ordinary users so keen yearningWeb3的原因之一.

DAO代表了一场权力分散的革命,以及一个每个人都可以共建、以透明和有效的方式共同繁荣的平台.为了让大家对于DAOHave a better understanding of,Then bring you isDAOWhen is derived from andDAO发展至今,Expanded into several types respectively,让大家对于DAO有更深的理解.

DAO的起始

DAO的历史始于2016年,当时Slock.it在以太坊上推出了“The DAO”,作为协调对The DAOThrough the library of investment and management of a way.在为期4周的销售结束时,价值1.5亿美元的ETHHave been deposited in the vaults,以换取12亿个Token,每个价格为0.01美元的ETH.Solidity是The DAO智能合约所使用的语言,The history of but lasted only a few months,缺乏生产准备所需的文件和测试.

在2016年6月17日,攻击者使用递归调用来执行“重入漏洞”,并抽走了30%的国库资金.事后,以太坊社区决定从区块1,920,000(黑客攻击之前的一个点),进行硬分叉.This is also a landmark hard bifurcate events,Divided into two chains are:

ETC(原链):ETC的拥护者认为区块链的核心为中心化,形成即不可篡改和干预,所以即使发生问题也不应该硬分叉或回滚.

ETH(新分叉链):多数人认为ETH应该在原有基础上不断创新,且类似盗窃的恶劣事件应该严厉打击,纠结是否“人工干预”的问题只会让更多黑客趁虚而入.

此外,在2019年1月ETC又受到了双花攻击(即51%攻击),生存空间进一步压缩,This a decentralization of power decentralization try to declare the failure.

DAO的15种类型

DAO现如今已经走向了中心的舞台,而DAOThe type of the asWeb3The development and extension,Information andDAO平台——AragonIn previous lists15种类型的DAO,Believe in this15种DAO之后,Will certainly to itself for youDAOHave a deeper understanding of.

开发者DAO

开发人员通过Github等工具接受了远程协作的教育,他们是建设Web3基础设施的最关键资源,因此,Developers take the lead to build yourself asDAOIt is not for its.其中具有代表的有BadgerDAO、Gitcoin还有API3.This will select the most representativeGitcoin来讲解.

Gitcoin是一个由开发者和贡献者组成的生态系统,他们都以DAO的形式合作,建立去中心化的网络.自2018年以来,他们已经向1600多个Web3项目分发了2280万美元,今年第一季度与上一季度相比增长了300%.Aragon目前正在赞助其Gitcoin Grants Program的新dGov类别,在两轮中提供50,000 DAI的匹配资金.第一轮,GR10已经筹集了110万美元的社区资金,来自约30万的独特贡献,所有这些都是由Gitcoin社区通过链外投票批准的.一些被资助的项目包括RMIT区块链创新中心对 "承诺投票 "的研究,以及The Wellbeing Protocol为低社会经济社区提供的开源金融和治理工具.

工人DAO

大多数工人不再期望拥有一份终身的工作,受薪职位越来越多地被自由职业者合同所取代.DAOCan fill gaps left by traditional guild eclipsed by,因为加入的法律和实际障碍不能影响去中心化的自治组织.

Raid Guild和dOrg在他们专注于Web3的设计和开发机构中引用了这种古老的工人集体传统. 通过共享资源和有选择的招聘,他们同样能够资助共同的商品,并为其领域的工作制定全球标准.

艺术品收藏DAO

Art is a huge asset class right now,随着传统货币市场的收益率下降,它只会变得更大.To attract more capital to promote the art market further reduce friction business works,Now the whole industry began to explore decentralized currency and how to accelerate progress.迄今为止,The most impressive adopters is Christie's and sotheby's,它们都出售NFTAnd provide some encrypted payment options.DAO有可能通过垂直整合整个行业堆栈(Purchase and ownership from debugging and management to)Will this trend toward the final result.

The art collectionDAOThe most representative ofDAO有Known Origin与Pleasr DAO.

社区DAO

随着DAO用户体验的改善——Especially if there is a“无代码”解决方案——More and more as the developer community will begin to collaborate and whyDAOPooled their resources,Because they provide trust when dealing with money management guarantee.在DAO之前,If they want to avoid currency exchange cost,The collective is limited in a single jurisdiction,If they want to avoid fragile informal agreement,Within the legal framework is limited to expensive.Due to the friction involved,Many feasible project cannot start.Multiply worldwide,这相当于对潜力的巨大浪费.值得庆幸的是,这种情况开始发生变化,Insufficient resources or traditionally under-represented communities are based on a bit, not privilege to express their voice.

其中社区DAO最具代表性的DAO有Zebpay - Women's DAO和DisCO.eToro在2021年的研究发现,女性用户在其平台上只占20%,其他公司报告的女性参与度也同样很低.为了帮助解决这一差距,Zabpay推出了一个女性主导的DAO,由Aragon提供支持.新成员由多数人同意才会被接纳,任何投票必须达到60%Consensus to pass.该DAO目前正在进行一个项目,To help rural women in India by setting up solar panels to digBTC,从而实现经济独立和赋能.建立这样一个无许可的决策平台,有助于妇女绕过不公平的传统系统,在一个公平的环境中竞争资本和影响力.

社交媒体DAO

社交网络一旦变得过于流行,Will dissipate and lose their meaning.例如,在FacebookLost its credibility function toInstagram后,它很快变成了一个请愿和特殊利益集团的平台.新一代Web3Social networks to cater to the trend of advocating,Will have a particular interest in social groups and the combination of general interest in the field of.结果是,基于每个DAO的统一使命,Social relations in essence more targeted.

技术整合也变得更加紧密.为了过滤掉不温不火的成员,FWB (Friends with Benefits) 使用一个TokenTo allow access to its threshold ofDiscord群组.Aragon最近与Witnet去中心化预言机合作,通过Discord为DAO提供仅使用表情符号反应的链外 "乐观" 投票.

元宇宙/虚拟世界DAO

在互联网诞生之初,就有了“Second Life”,It is a national currency and real estate online virtual world.Second Life的“Linden Dollar”在很多方面都是加密货币的概念先驱,Now history is asWeb3Their own virtual world and completed a cycle.

One of the most representative is one of the most popular last year——Decentraland,It claimed that he was the first completely decentralized yuan universe,It abandoned its founding intelligent contract private key.The rest of the existing intelligent contracts by theDAO以及DecentralandThe assets of the control.$ MANA是DecentralandLocal governance,TokenHolders of security council members、Development funding、Land and estate policy、DecentralandWhat types of wearable devices and allow the problem such as content audit to vote.

资产管理DAO

Asset management is likely to beDAOThe most native encryption cases:It also promised the biggest asset allocation.DeFi的低摩擦架构所获得的效率转化为利益相关者和投资者的相对高的利率,他们希望从他们的资本中获得收益.一旦以太坊在2021Switch to the rights and interests by the end of the life,The entire network will be more economic efficient,No longer need to work to prove that dig and hardware to fund an arms race,So people can look forward to the relative products to further improve.事实上,随着边际收入接近边际成本,The pledge of the etheric lane is likely to converge to the encryption of economicDeFi“基准利率”.

理论上,DAO可以更明智地决定在哪里分配资金,Because in the consolidated multiple independent agency experience and insights will appear the collective wisdom and“群体智慧”.

从资产管理的角度来看,关于DAOAnother key point is that they in the transparency of funds use.使用DAOAllow all stakeholders to track spending and makeDAO负责.This can be used inAragon协会的Budget DAO中看出,该DAO用于日常交易,为所有利益相关者提供资金使用的可见性.

其中具有代表性的DAO有:Decentralize WSB、Pie DAO和Bit DAO.Bit DAO最近从Peter Thiel、Pantera Capital和Dragonfly Capital等投资者那里筹集了2.3亿美元的巨额资金.$Bit DAO TokenHolder will vote on capital investment direction,使其成为世界上管理资产规模最大的DAO之一.

风险投资DAO

DAOStructure of assets under management advantages can also be applied to risk investment,其中具有代表性的DAO有:Metacartel Ventures、Angel DAO和Duck DAO.

Venture DAO是Meta Cartel生态系统的一个子DAO,It through to encrypt the original project provides a relatively small financing rounds,But through a lot of additional support to build a strong user community,To oneself with the traditionalVCApart from the company.目前,Venture DAOThrough the etheric fang intelligent contract packaging in Delaware limited liability company,Across the encryption currency andVC世界,It limits its under the condition of without permission of the ability to accept new members.取而代之的是,Membership has unilaterally at any time“退出”DAOThe ability to balance all share.到目前为止,他们已经为包括Rarible、Zapper和Pool Together在内的20A project to raise the seed wheel andA轮融资.

保险DAO

Fundamentally said,DAOIs to focus on risk and return,And take advantage of the economies of scale brought stability.没有哪个行业比保险业更了解这一点,So it's natural to expect risk management company will begin to exploreDAOHow to buffer its exposure to risk.

The representative of insuranceDAO是UnoRe,UnoRe正在与AragonCooperation to develop a reputation basedDAOTo manage a reinsurance system,通过该系统,保险公司将其风险组合的一部分让给其他方,以减少因索赔而不得不支付巨额债务的可能性.Reinsurance is a huge asset classes,But historically,除了最大的投资者之外,Anyone is difficult to obtain.

Uno ReA broader vision is to create a platform for innovation of insurance products,For retail investors risk pool,Make traders can buy and sell risk tool,And eventually actuaries create a market for freedom.

信托基金DAO

Trust has only to those who have the resources to build and manage the complicated legal structures to provide.不过现在,DAOCan act as a virtual trust,You just need to an etheric lane address start.This convenient access for the younger generation to open the door to the financial,They didn't like the older generation have the same opportunities or instinct to save.此外,DeFiHigh yield should help them recover the social total investable assets fairer proportion.

Trust is not only applicable to want to save money for the child's parents:Twitch或YouTubeStars on the game players can even before puberty has a mature career,So the children to protect their wealth will become more and more normalization usingDAO.与传统金融一样,In the virtual world trust who has administrator rights problem still apply,But if there is a dispute,在Aragon CourtSuch a platform for arbitration is faster than any other similar family law case、更便宜.

公司/项目筹款DAO

DAO满足一个目标明确的组织的所有要求包括:Professional leadership、综合目标、清晰的沟通、Consistent with the incentives、授权的员工、The established core values、绩效指标和信念.DAOIt can even makeKPI选项来激励绩效.Aragon ClientAlready contains a module used to raise money,This module makes the raise beyond any geographical or legal obstacles,And as the world tends to be a more targeted economic,This combination of human and technical factors for raising money and deploying is a particularly effective motivation.

Vita DAO就是这样一个专注于长寿研究的去中心化集体,They began by making the democratization of access and ownership of intellectual property rights to redraw the incentive structure of the pharmaceutical industry and broken.

人力资本合同DAO

在互联网的历史上,People has made several attempts to human capitalToken化.2013 年,初创公司UpstartAllow students to sell part of their future earnings in return for a capital investment.在加密货币领域,Ben Gravis是第一个在ZapAgreement on the tag themselves,在其他项目中,We have already seen gradually towards may seem like the human potential share index development.

The brooklyn nets point guardSpencer DinwiddieJust by becoming the first in the etheric fangTokenChange this field started with his players.NBA裁定他的实际合同不能转让给任何第三方,因此,He issued by the newly formed limited liability company assets support professional interestsToken (PAInT).90个Token中只有9个被售出,但他的经验为他创建Calaxy奠定了基础:For a creator in its own name issueTokenAnd in the open market find the value of this platform.随着这一概念的成熟,We'll probably see from centralized services to more liquid、Without permission of market,任何人都可以发行自己的Token,而不仅仅是运动员和名人.

粉丝经济DAO

Sports fans club ownership established,Fan's power is strong,As the super league recently news demonstrate.Talent scouts network all over the world can be used as aDAO合作,Funding for promising player,以换取他们未来收入的一部分.如果球迷拥有的俱乐部自己承担这一责任,So they can vertically integrated whole scout、经纪人、The coach and manager,所有这些都由一个DAOFunding and management——最终的“幻想联盟”.

这种模式可能会扩展到所有行业:Music lovers will become new disciples record company owners and vote for,Art patron will hold biennale,剧院公司DAOWill vote for new work.

Freeholder / Co-Living / Nomad社区DAO

Living in a single building or apartment building in the independent family often insurance or“偿债”Funds to mitigate any joint and several liability.As the quarterly report of limited liability company or trust,The structure of these companies are usually very clumsy,And may produce a large number of compliance costs.DAOProvides a more collegial alternatives,Can collect money——甚至赚取利息——同时等待用于任何突发事件.This function can also be extended toPermatekDigital nomad communities such as,Members will stay in a season,And then move on and its membersTokenPass to the next guests.

媒体/娱乐DAO

Affected by the Internet publishing industry is the biggest industry.然而,Web3Prove that the pipe more interrupt.SteemitIs the first to use their ownTokenOne of the items on reward contributor.Satellite更进一步,Introduced a chain post,文章和评论都由钱包签名以验证作者.MirrorIs another now provide collaboration publishing platform,这听起来像是一个完全去中心化的媒体组织的起源.

政治DAO

随着美国一些州的债务/资产比率超过400%,世界各地的公民机构都在努力应对有限的资源,受委托的议会和社区团体正开始挑起大梁.这可能是任何东西,从社区垃圾捡拾小组,到邻里安全,城市投票倡议,甚至像爱沙尼亚DAO这样的全国性系统.像这样的DAO可以在一人一票的基础上运作,In non-transferableTokenTo represent the membership,允许新居民的流动.

在缺点方面,Davidson和Rees-Mogg在“主权个人”中警告,政府的消亡可能会在短期内增加“暴力回报”,需要社区解决安全和保障问题.以前,用托马斯-皮凯蒂的话说,集体主义和个人主义之间的两极对抗往往会抑制进步,但从好的方面看,DAO提供了一种将个人创新与集体行动相结合的方式.

从更广泛的角度来看,DAO实际上是具有综合财政和直接负责的民事服务的政党的缩影.像Aragon Voice这样的信号平台使决策者能够在投入大量资源准备投票之前,以高效、透明的方式对社区情绪进行快速民意调查,从而防止破坏性的政策错误.

与传统政治相比,DAO通常专注于一个垂直领域,寻求在该领域积累专业知识,而不是试图管理多个领域.DAO在很大程度上也是任人唯贤的,在全球范围内是多样化的,并且操作着更为复杂的投票系统.它们是Aragon成立时鼓励治理的培养皿.几十年的时间和几加仑的墨水都被用来完善代表大会的艺术,但却没有多少人满意.Web3是一个草根运动,它选择退出意识形态的竞争,从头开始建立一个全新的系统.冷漠的政治造就了冷漠的选民,但在DAO中,选民从他们的参与中得到了直接、切实的结果.这成为一个良性循环,当人们看到他们的声音被听到时,他们会更加积极地进一步做出贡献.

日益多样化的DAO可以成为Web3的组织结构,重塑我们治理、投资、工作、创造的方式,同时也期望看到DAO的类别、Quantity and quality of the great changes in.

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