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Vitalik et al's latest paper: finding the soul of Web3 in decentralized Society (Part I)

2022-05-14 19:55:18DAOrayaki_

“ The Tao , The mystery of all things , The treasure of good people , Not good for the protection of others ”

——《 Lao tze 》 Chapter 62

“ Decentralized society : Seek Web3 Soul ”, yes Vitalik The latest paper by et al , This article describes how to achieve more enrichment through soul binding tokens 、 A more meta ecosystem is “ Decentralized society (DeSoc) And the key decomposable property rights and enhanced governance mechanisms in a decentralized society ”. therefore ,DAOrayaki The community specially translated this article and organized several Podcast In-depth analysis of . Because the full text is too long , We will share 、 in 、 The next three issues .


today ,Web3 More is the expression of transferable 、 Financial assets , Rather than a code of social trust . However , Many core economic activities , Such as unsecured loans and building personal brands , Are built on lasting 、 In a non transferable relationship . In this paper , We explained that it represents “ soul ” Commitment 、 Non transferable of certificates and relationships “ Soul binding ” Tokens, (“soulbound” tokens,SBTs) How to code the reputation of the entity and how to code the source of the network . what's more ,SBTs More and more other application scenarios can be realized , Such as the recovery of community wallet 、 Antiviral treatment 、 The mechanism of decentralization , And with decomposable 、 New markets for sharing rights .

Let's make this richer 、 More meta ecosystems are called “ Decentralized society ”(DeSoc)—— A jointly determined sociality , among “ soul ” Get together with the community from the bottom up , As an emerging attribute of each other , Create complex network goods and knowledge at different levels . The key to this sociality is decomposable property rights and enhanced governance mechanisms —— For example, the two-dimensional subsidy converted by correlation score —— Reward trust and cooperation , While protecting the network from capture 、 Extract and control . With this enhanced sociality , Across social distances Web3 We can abandon today's excessive financialization , And choose a more transformative 、 A pluralistic future , A developing future .

§ The first 1 Chapter Introduce

In less than a decade ,Web3 It has created an unprecedented unique and flexible parallel financial system , Shocked the world . Basic elements of encryption and Economics , Such as public key cryptography 、 Intelligent contract 、 Proof of work and proof of interest , It brings a complex and open ecosystem to financial transactions .

However , The economic value of financial transactions is generated by human beings and their relationship . because Web3 Lack of basic elements to represent this social identity , It fundamentally depends on the centralized Web2 structure , Therefore, it reproduces its limitations .

This dependency is reflected in :

  1. majority NFT Artists rely on OpenSea and Twitter Such a centralized platform promises scarcity and initial provenance .

  2. Trying to go beyond simple token voting DAO Often rely on Web2 infrastructure , Like social media accounts , To resist witch attacks .

  3. many Web3 Participants rely on Coinbase or Binance The trusteeship wallet managed by other centralized entities . Decentralized key management system is not friendly to anyone , Except for a few geeks .

Besides , Due to the lack of native Web3 identity , Today's DeFi Ecosystems cannot support the ubiquitous activities in the real economy , Such as loans with insufficient collateral , Or simply a contract like an apartment lease . In this paper , We explained that even in the direction of “ Soul binding ” To represent a small step in social identity , These limitations can also be overcome , Make the whole ecosystem move towards re establishing a reflection of the original Web3 The world's human relations market has taken a big step .

Further more , We point out that the original Web3 Social identity , Because there is a wealth of social composability , Can be in Web3 China has made great progress on broader long-term issues such as wealth concentration and governance vulnerability to financial attacks , While stimulating innovative politics 、 The Cambrian outbreak of economic and social applications . We call these use cases and the richer multi ecosystem they contribute to “ Decentralized society ”(DeSoc).

§ The first 2 Chapter The outline

Let's first explain DeSoc The basic elements of , It revolves around holding non transferable ( Initially public )“ Soul binding ” Tokens, (SBTs) The account of ( Or a wallet ), On behalf of commitment 、 Certificates and relationships . This token is like an extended resume , Issued by other wallets that can prove these social relationships .

then , We describe a system consisting of more and more powerful applications “ ladder ”, from DeSoc These basic elements are implemented in the social stack , Include :

  1. Establish provenance

  2. Unlock the unsecured lending market through reputation

  3. Realize decentralized key management

  4. Thwart and counteract coordinated strategic behavior

  5. Measure decentralization

  6. Create with decomposable 、 A new market for sharing rights and privileges

The climax of this description is right DeSoc Assumption —— A jointly determined sociality , In this sociality ,“ soul ” Get together with the community from the bottom up , As an emerging attribute of each other , Create complex network products at different levels , Including composite intelligence .

Last , Several of our concerns and objections were answered , And with Web3 Other identity paradigms familiar in space are compared , Acknowledging our vision is only the first step , But it's still a step forward in programmable privacy and communication . then , We consider technical approaches to guide our imagined vision . On this basis , We look forward to... From a more philosophical perspective DeSoc It is possible that Web3 Redirect to a deeper 、 A legitimate and transformative path .

§ The first 3 Chapter “ soul ”

The key basic element we're talking about is accounts , Or wallet , Hold publicly visible 、 Non-negotiable ( But it may be revoked by the issuer ) Token of . We call the account “ soul ”, The tokens held in the account are called “ Soul token ”(SBTs). Despite our strong interest in privacy , But we initially assumed that public , Because as a concept , Even if limited by the types of tokens people are willing to share publicly , It's also technically easier to verify . Later in this article , We introduced... For richer use cases “ Programmable privacy ” The concept of .

Imagine a world like this , Most participants have storage SBTs Of “ soul ”, Corresponding to a series of relationships 、 Membership and certificates . for example , A person may have a store SBTs Of “ soul ”, On behalf of education certificate , Employment history , Or a string of hashes representing their work or work of art . In the simplest form , these SBTs yes “ Self evidence ” Of , Similar to sharing information about ourselves in our resume . however , When one “ soul ” Held SBTs It can be done by other “ soul ” When issuing or certifying , The real power of this mechanism will emerge , these “ soul ” Is the counterparty to these relationships . These opponents “ soul ” It can be a person 、 Company or organization . for example , The etheric fang A foundation can be an organization that participates in developer conferences “ soul ” issue SBTs Of “ soul ”. A university can be a place to give money to graduates SBTs Of “ soul ”. A stadium can be a gift to old Dodgers fans SBTs Of “ soul ”.

Please note that , No one is required “ soul ” Must be associated with a legal name , Nor does it require any protocol level attempt to ensure “ Everyone has a soul ”.“ soul ” It can be a long-term pseudonym , There is a series of SBTs, It's not easy to reach real people . We don't assume “ soul ” It cannot be transferred between humans . contrary , We try to show that when needed , How these attributes naturally emerge from the design itself .

§ The first 4 Chapter The ladder to a decentralized Society

4.1 Art and “ soul ”

“ soul ” It is a natural way for artists to bet their reputation on their works . When issuing tradable NFT when , Artists can learn from their “ soul ” Issued in NFT. Artist's “ soul ” Carry the SBTs The more , The easier it is for buyers to identify “ soul ” It belongs to the artist , So we can determine NFT Legitimacy . Artists can go further , In their “ soul ” Publish a link in SBTs, Prove something NFT Is that the “ The collection ” Members of , And guarantee any scarcity restrictions that the artist wishes to set . therefore ,“ soul ” Will create a reliable 、 The way on the chain , Pledge and build reputation on the provenance and scarcity of an object .

The scope of application is not only art , It also extends to services 、 Leasing and anything based on scarcity 、 Market for reputation or authenticity . An example of the latter is to verify the authenticity of the so-called factual records , Like photos and videos . With the progress of deep counterfeiting technology , Direct inspection of humans and algorithms will increasingly fail to detect authenticity . Although the addition of blockchain enables us to track the production time of specific works , but SBTs Will enable us to track the origins of society , Provide us with a rich social background , Let's understand the of publishing works “ soul ”—— Their membership 、 Relationship 、 Combination of certificates —— And their social distance from the work .“ High imitation ” Can be easily identified , Because these works of art are not produced in the corresponding time and social context , And credible works of art ( Such as photos ) It was proved by a famous photographer . Current technology makes cultural products ( Such as images ) Lost context , And make them subject to uncontrolled viral attacks in the absence of social context , and SBTs Can re contextualize these items , And make “ soul ” Be able to take advantage of existing trust relationships in the community , As a meaningful backing to protect reputation .

4.2 “ soul ” To loan

Perhaps the greatest financial value built directly on reputation is credit and unsecured loans . at present ,Web3 Ecosystems cannot replicate even simple forms of unsecured loans , Because all assets are transferable and marketable , So it can only be a simple form of mortgage .“ Conventional ” The financial ecosystem supports many forms of unsecured loans , But relying on a centralized credit score to measure the borrower's credit , Borrowers have little incentive to share their credit history . This score has many flaws . In the best of circumstances , They weight and reduce the factors related to credit in an opaque way , And for those who don't accumulate enough data —— Mainly ethnic minorities and the poor —— Create prejudice . In the worst case , They can manipulate black mirror like “ Social credit ” Systematically and strengthen discrimination .

One SBTs Ecosystem of , Can create an anti censorship 、 Bottom up alternatives , Used to replace top-down commercialization “ social ” The credit system . On behalf of education certificate 、 Work history and lease contract SBTs It can be used as a lasting record of credit related history , allow “ soul ” Pledge with good reputation , To avoid collateral requirements and obtain loans . Loans and lines of credit can be expressed as non transferable but revocable SBTs, So they are nested in “ soul ” Other SBTs in —— An inseparable reputation collateral —— Until they are repaid and then destroyed ; Or better yet , Replace... With proof of repayment .SBTs Provides helpful security attributes : Non transferability prevents the transfer or concealment of outstanding loans , And rich SBTs Ecosystems can ensure that borrowers trying to avoid loans ( Maybe by creating a new “ soul ”) Will lack SBTs To meaningfully mortgage their reputation .

use SBTs The convenience of calculating public debt will make the lending market more open .SBTs And repayment risk , Breed better lending algorithms to predict credit , So as to reduce the focus on 、 Reliance on opaque credit scoring infrastructure . and , Borrowing may occur in social connections . especially ,SBTs It will become the basis of community lending practice , Be similar to Muhammad Yunus and Grameen The practices pioneered by banks , That is, members of the social network agree to support each other's debt . Due to a “ soul ” All of the SBTs It represents the membership of different social groups , Participants can easily find other “ soul ”, They will become important co participants in group lending programs . Commercial lending is a kind of “ Borrow and forget ” Our repayment model , And community lending may take “ Borrow it and help ” The way —— Combine working capital with human capital , Higher returns .

How is unsecured community lending implemented ? At the beginning , We hope “ soul ” Those who carry only the information they are willing to share publicly SBTs, Such as the information in the resume . Although the scope is limited , But for the community lending experiment , Maybe it's enough , Especially if SBTs It is issued by reputable institutions . for example , Show some programming certificates 、 Participated in several meetings and work experience SBTs Combine , May be “ soul ” Get them venture capital ( Or raise seed money ) An advantage of . Such certificates and social relationships have informally played an important role in capital allocation such as venture capital 、 But opaque characters .

4.3 Don't lose your “ soul ”

Some important SBTs Non transferability of —— A one-time certificate of education, such as —— It raises an important question for us : How to avoid losing your “ soul ”? Today's recovery method , Such as multi sign recovery or memory method , In the psychological load 、 There are different trade-offs between the convenience and security of transactions . Social recovery is an emerging alternative , It depends on a person's trust relationship .SBTs Allow a similar , But the broader paradigm : Community recovery , among “ soul ” Is the cross voting of its social network .

Social recovery is a good starting point for security , But there are several drawbacks in terms of security and availability . A user planned a group of “ Guardian ”, And empower them through the majority , To change the key to their wallet . The guardian can be an individual 、 A combination of institutions or other wallets . The problem is , Users must find a balance , There are relatively more guardians , Also ensure that the guardians come from unrelated social circles to avoid collusion . Besides , The guardian may die , The relationship went bad , Or just lost contact , Lead to the need for frequent 、 Attention consuming updates . Although social recovery avoids a single point of failure , But successful recovery still depends on planning and maintaining a trust relationship with most guardians .

A more powerful solution is to “ soul ” Recovery and “ soul ” Link membership between communities , Don't plan, but maximize the use of a wide range of real-time relationships to ensure security . Take a look back. ,SBTs Membership representing different communities . Some of these communities —— If the employer 、 Club 、 College or church —— Maybe it's more off chain , Other communities —— Such as participating in agreement governance or DAO—— It may have more chain properties . In the community recovery model , The private key to restore the soul needs to come from “ soul ” Community ( Random subset ) Most of the members agreed .

Just like social recovery , We assume that “ soul ” Secure offline communication channels can be obtained , There can be “ authentication ”—— Through dialogue 、 Face to face or share secrets . With chained robots or SBTs Compared with its own calculation , Such communication channels require greater bandwidth ( In theory, there is a need to carry more abundant “ Information entropy ” The ability of ). in fact , We can argue that SBTs Fundamentally speaking, it represents the participation or acquisition of this real ( High bandwidth ) Communication channels .

Operational details need to be tested . for example , How to choose a guardian and how much Guardian consent is required , It is a key safety parameter that needs further study . However , With such a rich information base , Community restoration should be computationally possible , With “ soul ” Join more different communities and form more meaningful relationships , Security will also increase .

Community recovery as a security mechanism , Embodies the 20 At the beginning of the century, sociologists 、 George is also the founder of social network theory · Simmel (Georg Simmel) Proposed identity theory , That is, personal identity emerges from the intersection of social groups , Just as social groups emerge from the intersection of individuals . Maintenance and recovery of “ soul ” Your encrypted assets need to be “ soul ” The consent of the network . By embedding security in sociality , Souls can always regenerate their keys through community recovery , This prevents “ soul ” Theft of ( Or for sale ): Because the seller needs to prove that the sale is to restore the relationship , Any sale “ soul ” All attempts lack credibility .

4.4 “ soul ” Airdrop (Souldrops)

up to now , We have explained “ soul ” How to represent the individual , And before they get SBTs When they show their unique characteristics and group identity again , To show their relationship 、 Membership and certificates . Such personalization helps the soul build a reputation , Establish provenance , Enter the unsecured lending market , And protect reputation and identity . But the reverse is also true ;SBTs It also enables the community to “ soul ” The unique intersection of was summoned . up to now ,Web3 Rely heavily on token sales or airdrops to convene new communities , The accuracy and accuracy of this method are not high . Airdrop (Airdrops), That is, the token is sent to a group of wallet addresses for free through the algorithm , Most of the existing wallet holders and tokens fall into some kind of combination , Vulnerable to Witches , And encourage strategic behavior and Matthew effect .SBTs There is a complete improvement on this , We call it “ soul ” Airdrop .

“ soul ” Airdrop is based on SBTs and “ soul ” Airdrop calculated for other tokens in . for example , One wants to be in a particular Layer 1 Call the community in the agreement DAO You can hold the past 5 Account for 3 An attendance rate of SBTs Developers airdrop , Or other tokens representing attendance , Such as POAPs. Protocols can also be programmed in various ways SBTs Weighting the delivery of tokens in the combination of . We can imagine , A non-profit organization with the mission of planting trees puts governance tokens into environmental action SBTs、 Gardening SBTs And carbon sequestration tokens “ soul ”—— Maybe more tokens will be put into carbon sequestration token holders .

“ soul ” Airdrops can also introduce new incentives , Encourage community participation . Airdropped SBTs Can be designed to be over a period of time “ soul ” binding , But over time, eventually “ ascription ” Is a transferable token . vice versa . Holding a transferable token for a period of time can unlock SBTs The right to , So as to give the agreement further governance rights .SBTs It opens up a wealth of possibilities to try different mechanisms , To maximize community participation and other goals , Such as decentralization . Let's discuss further below .

4.5 from “ soul ” Composed of DAO

Distributed autonomous organizations (DAO) It is a virtual community gathered around a common purpose , Coordinate through smart contract voting on the public blockchain . although DAO There is great potential in coordinating global communities , But they are vulnerable to Witches , A user can have multiple wallets to accumulate voting rights , Or in the less complex one currency one vote governance , Simply hoard tokens to accumulate 51% The right to vote , And deprive others 49% The holder's right to vote .

DAO There are several ways to reduce SBTs The witch attack , namely :

  1. To a “ soul ” Of SBTs Set to calculate , To distinguish between a unique soul and a possible robot , And refuse to give a suspected witch “ soul ” Any right to vote .

  2. Give more voting rights to those who have more famous SBTs—— Such as work or education certificate 、 License or certificate —— Of “ soul ”.

  3. Publish special “ Proof of personality ”(“proof-of-personhood“)SBTs, This can help others DAO Easier to deploy resistance to Witches .

  4. Check for support for a particular vote ” soul “ Held by SBTs The relevance between , And apply a lower voting weight to highly connected voters .

A final examination of the relevance and Prospect of innovation . Get many share the same SBTs Of “ soul ” A vote of support is more likely to be a witch attack , Even if it wasn't a witch attack , Such a vote is also more likely to be a group of people who make the same mistakes or have the same bias in judgment “ soul ” Made , therefore , Compared with voting with the same number of support but from more diverse participants , Its weight should be reasonably reduced .

We discuss this idea in more detail mathematically in the appendix , In the appendix, we introduce a new basic element , be called “ Correlation score ”. The concept of correlation discount can be extended to structured Prudential talks . for example , Easily captured by the majority DAO You can calculate SBTs, So as to maximize the gathering of different members in the meeting , Make sure a few voices are heard .

DAO You can also rely on SBTs To stop some strategic behavior , Such as “ Vampires attack ”. In this attack , One DAO—— It is usually a related and economically valuable DeFi agreement —— By copying another DAO Open source code 、 Plagiarize others' R & D achievements , Then use tokens to lure users' working capital into .DAO You can start by creating a circle around “ soul ” Specification of airdrop ( Maybe it's holding a specific SBTs), Only possible to resist witch attacks 、 Providing liquidity “ soul ” Airdrop , Then detain those who transfer their mobility in vampire attacks “ soul ” The airdrop of . The same mechanism doesn't work for wallet airdrop , Because holders can spread liquidity into many wallets , To confuse their liquidity traces .

DAO You can also use SBTs Enable leadership and governance to make a procedural response to their communities . Leadership roles can change dynamically with the composition of the community —— This is reflected in SBTs In the members “ soul ” Distribution changes in . Some members can be based on their DAO The intersection and coverage of multiple communities in , Promoted to a potential management role . Agreements that value community cohesion can use SBTs To maintain cross circle “ soul ” The central position of . in addition ,DAO You can choose to make the combination of some features have a higher possibility of entering the governance layer than others , For example, the diversity of postal codes or across more different interests DAO.

4.6 With multiple (Pluralism) To measure decentralization from an angle

When analyzing the ecosystem of the real world , It's best to measure the degree of decentralization of the ecosystem . To what extent are ecosystems truly decentralized , And to what extent is centralization “ false ”, In fact, it is dominated by one person or a small number of joint actors ?

Two popular indicators of decentralization are Balaji Srinivasan The proposed Nakamoto coefficient (Nakamoto coefficient), It measures how many different entities need to be combined to collect 51% Resources for ; And Herfindal — Hirschman index (Herfindahl–Hirschman index), Used to measure antitrust market concentration , It is calculated by summing the squares of the market shares of market participants . However , None of these methods solve the key problem , That is, what is the right measure of resources , How to deal with partial coordination , How to deal with the formation of “ Discernible entity ” Grey areas .

for example , Nominally independent companies may have many common major shareholders , There are directors who are friends with each other , Or supervised by the same government . In the context of token agreements , It is very inaccurate to measure the decentralization of token holdings by looking at the wallet on the chain , Because many people have multiple wallets , And some wallets ( Like the exchange ) Represents many people . Besides , Even if the address can be traced back to a unique individual , These people may also be related groups in society , Prone to unexpected coordination ( The best situation ) Or deliberate collusion ( The worst ). A better measure of decentralization should capture social dependence 、 Weak and strong identification .

Occupy The currency Of the total 90% Miners and pit operators , They sat together at the meeting .

SBTs Support a measure DAO、 Decentralization in protocols or networks ( Or diversification ) Different ways of level .

  1. As a first step , The agreement can limit token voting to those who are better able to resist witch attacks ( Or richer SBTs) Of “ soul ”.

  2. The second step , The protocol can check different ” soul ” Held SBTs The correlation between , If ” soul ” Share a lot of SBTs, Then discount their votes ( Put them together , Separate ).( We're in the appendix A The latter idea is discussed in more detail in Mathematics , There we introduced a new basic element , be called “ Correlation score ”).

  3. As a third step , In order to enlarge and understand the decentralization of the whole network , We can measure “ soul ” Held by SBTs Correlation between different levels of the network stack —— Measurement voting 、 Token ownership 、 Governance related communications 、 Even the control of computing resources .

SBTs Enables us to start measuring the degree of decentralization of an interoperable and layered ecosystem , And this is very difficult to measure today . Another big problem is , What formula best captures what we want to measure , And the least easily manipulated . We'll have a lot about how to check SBTs The relationship between —— Make some SBTs More than any other SBTs Get more weight , Will be nested SBTs Discount , Or put a “ soul ” Take into account the composition of transferable tokens in . However , There is a wealth of experience “ soul ” and SBTs Ecosystem of , There will be more data for these calculations , And towards meaningful decentralization .

4.7 Compound assets

DAO Usually own assets , Or organize around owning an asset , Including... In the virtual and physical world . up to now ,Web3 The scope of is largely limited to a small category of property where all rights can be fully transferred : Tokens, 、NFT、 Artwork 、 First edition or rare manuscripts, such as the U.S. Constitution . But the emphasis on transferability is important for Web3 adverse , Make it unable to represent and support some of the simplest and most common property contracts today , Such as apartment rental . In the Roman legal tradition , Property rights are considered by the use of ("usus")、 Consume or destroy ("abusus") And benefits ("fructus") Composed of the rights of . All these rights rarely belong to the same owner . for example , The apartment lease grants the lessor a limited right to use ("usus"), But not to destroy the apartment ("abusus")、 Selling apartments ("fructus")、 Even transfer the right to use ( Sublet ) An unfettered right to . The real estate ( land ) Their rights are usually subject to a series of restrictions on private use 、 Grant of public use rights 、 Restrictions on the right to sell , Even the right to purchase through expropriation . They are usually also secured by a mortgage , Transfer some financial value to the lender .

Future asset innovation is unlikely to be based on fully transferable private property as hitherto imagined . contrary , Innovation will depend on the ability to break down property rights , To match the characteristics of the existing property system , And code richer builds . Companies and other organizational forms have evolved to restructure property rights in more creative ways —— for example , Allow employees to use proprietary facilities ("usus"), But reserve the right to change or damage assets for managers ("abusus"), At the same time, pay the maximum financial benefits to shareholders ("fructus").SBTs It has the flexibility to represent and expand the property rights of such subtle physical and virtual assets , And encourage new experiments . Here are a few use cases :

  1. Allow access to private or publicly controlled resources ( for example , residential 、 automobile 、 The museum 、 Parks and virtual equivalents ). Transferable NFT Can't capture this kind of use case well , Because access is often conditional , Non transferable : If I trust you to enter my backyard and use it as an entertainment space , That doesn't mean I trust you to sublicense this license to others .

  2. Data co op , among SBTs Grant researchers access to data , At the same time, the right to grant access to members is instantiated ( Maybe by a second vote ), And bargain for the economic rights of discovery and intellectual property generated in the research . We will be in the 5 Chapter “ Compound prediction ”(Plural Sensemaking) To further explore this issue .

  3. Experiment with local currency , Make rules so that people who live in a particular area or belong to a particular community “ soul ” Money held and consumed has a higher value .

  4. Experiments in participation ,SBTs For less background “ soul ”( Such as immigration 、 teenagers ) Created a sustainable foundation , To gain influence in new and broader networks . Such a soul will move from the Limited SBTs Start , Connect them to their families or local communities . As their relationships diversify , They will get a wider range of SBTs, To gain the right to vote and influence the wider network —— This is a Danielle Allen The spirit of multinational thought —— At present, this process is solved by arbitrary age and residence Division .

  5. The experiment of market design , Such as haberg tax (Harberger taxation) and SALSA( Self assessment license in auction ), Among them, the asset holder publishes a self-assessment price , Anyone else can buy assets from them , And must regularly pay taxes proportional to the self-assessment price to maintain control .SBTs Can be used to create more detailed SALSA edition —— for example , The right to participate is approved by the community , To reduce strategic behavior from within or outside the community .

  6. Design of experimental democratic mechanism , Such as a second vote . Representing community membership SBTs The holder of the can vote twice on the parameters such as incentives and tax rates . in the final analysis ,“ market ” and “ Politics ” Not an independent design space ;SBTs Can be a major part of the technology stack , Explore the whole space where these two categories are intertwined . Another such intersection , For example, providing public goods through secondary fund-raising .

Of course , You can also consider some utopian scenarios . The immigration system can use immigration SBTs Licensing . Regulatory capture ( Translation notes :Regulatory capture, Describe the authorities in formulating policies , Put the interests of an interest group above the interests of the whole ) This can be achieved by nesting community tokens , under these circumstances , Homeowners have disproportionate voting rights to block housing construction .SBTs It can automatically draw a red line ( Translation notes : Discriminatory policies , Decide who not to serve ). As we discuss further below , These situations should be considered in the context of the current opaque top-down licensing and discrimination .SBTs Will make discrimination more transparent , Therefore, it may be questioned .

Reference resources

We thank Audrey Tang, Phil Daian, Danielle Allen, Leon Erichsen, Matthew Prewitt, Divya Siddarth, Jaron Lanier and Robert Miller Provide thoughtful feedback and opinions . All mistakes and opinions are borne by ourselves .

Microsoft Corporation & RadicalXChange Foundation, [email protected] Glen vinicula este documento a su Alma.

Flashbots Ltd., [email protected] Puja Dedicate this article to his grandmother Satya, Her love and light will continue to shine on countless souls

Ethereum Foundation, [email protected]

We didn't choose this set of attributes because they are obviously the ideal set of features , But because they are easy to implement in the current environment , And supports many functions . We will be in the 5.3 This section discusses programmable private devices SBTs.

However , Please note that , In principle, a legal name can be expressed as SBT: A family name will be a member of a family group SBT, A given name can be a gift from a parent to a child SBTs. in fact , If another family or related person will be a member SBT Give it to the new child , Then richer names and concepts will be easy to express .  and  For informal tweets, the evidence suggests that , The idea of taking diversity into account in decision-making mechanisms has been considered intuitive .

Not accumulating enough data :https://www.technologyreview-com/2021/06/17 /1026519/racial-bias-noisy-data-credit-scores-mortgage-loans-fairness-machine-learning/

Social recovery :

Matthew effect :

Data co op :

Multinationalism :

Original author :  E. Glen Weyl,  Puja Ohlhaver,  Vitalik Buterin

Creator :xinyang

Reviewer :Yofu

original text : Decentralized Society: Finding Web3’s Soul

E. Glen Weyl,  Puja Ohlhaver,  Vitalik Buterin

2022· May

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author[DAOrayaki_],Please bring the original link to reprint, thank you.

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